After visiting gem mines and markets travel to Pyin Oo Lwin hill station town with gardens, colonial mansions and flower, coffee and tea farms. The name “Mo-gok” is said to come from the Shan words for “winding valley”, though in Burmese “mo’ means “sky” and “gok” can mean “hook” – both interpretations capture the jagged nature of the valley roads. Trading with local gem merchants though is a charm to see, given the quality of the rocks that are traded and the price that some pay. Perhaps most interesting activity in Mogok is to visit its bustling gems markets. Only gems buyers with government escorts could visit the valley and a handful of tourists when lucky to get permits. Mogok Hill Hotel and the Mogok Motel are also good options. Mogok, the Valley of Rubies is located in Northern Mandalay. The stone is a perfect 70 tone and never blacks-out and looks good in all lights-even at night. The application and reporting formalities still remain same as before in Mogok but are likely to change with the new government that has been in power since April 2016. Photo by Andy Lucas, ©GIA. The Burmese king then showed the Nga Mauk ruby to the Frenchman, asking him how much he would estimate its value to be. Burma ruby's passionate color is just one reason for this gemstone's popularity. To find a good deal may as hard as finding a needle in a hay stack. E.g. The mountains create a serene mist the mornings, which makes the approach to town particularly memorable. When the temperatures plummet in the early mornings, the village attracts tourists from the warmer parts of Mandalay division hoping to see the beautiful frost-laden lawns and roofs. Natural, untreated Mogok rubies of fine colour can be valued at $80,000 per carat, according to the It is necessary to obtain permits to visit mining sites. © 2019 Discovery Dmc - Unique Bespoke Tours in Asia. For centuries, the mystique surrounding Burma ruby has centered on stones from one extensive jungle tract known as Mogok, 400 or so miles north of Rangoon, this Southeast Asian country’s capital. Explore Sagaing one of the monastic centers of Myanmar. To see the original article click link here. Travel permits are still required for visiting Mogok. Tour suggestion: Monasteries, rubies and rail journey along old Burma road  Prices for these services can range from just K15,000 (though often higher for foreigners). Check out our mogok burma ruby selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. The stone is not heated. There are more travel options in Mandalay, including a comfortable mini-van drive and even private cars carrying just 4 passengers. Dealers may specialise in either sapphires, rubies, emeralds, jade and amethyst, or offer a range of all each – either as rough stones, cut stones or pairs of cut stones ready to be mounted in jewelry. The gems are found in alluvial marble gravels by means of panning, tunneling and digging pits by hand. Contact us for more information and quotes! Getting to Mogok is not easy, as the name of the road leading up to this small mining town suggests. In 1886, the British succeeded in taking over Upper Burma. “The road of 999 bends”, as it’s colloquially known, is famous for its many sharp turns in the surrounding highlands. Welcome to Ruby land. French representative traveled to meet the Burmese king to enquire how much he would ask to let some French companies mine in Mogok. Hsipaw The exact date when rubies were first discovered in Mogok is unknown. Mandatory stop at the checkpoint, a second “visa” is required to enter the province. The valley and Mogok belt area are especially famous for the rare and most valued pigeon’s blood rubies and blue sapphires. View our example itinerary: 4 Days Mogok Ruby Land tour Best rubies and gems are brought to ministry of mines office for valuation first and send to Naypyitaw where gems emporium is held twice a year. In November of that year, the Mogolz Stone Tract was established (Chhibber, 1934a and b]. The color comes from traces of chromium. Mogok and other villages in the region have been famous since ancient times for their precious gem stones. As a foreigner you will surely catch locals’ attention and you will be shown many kinds of stones. Prices for gems at the market can start from K30,000 to many hundreds of thousands. Deals are done everywhere and purchases are paid in cash. For the adventurous travelers check out our northern Myanmar motorcycle tour. But taking a slow trip through the mountains to get there, then to discover the amazing food and things to do, you’ll discover the town itself is something of a gem that’s well worth the visit. All mining activities in the Mogok region are with government permission only. We visited the former Navy cemetery on a full stomach, with enough energy to view tombstones of hundreds of fallen military personnel – from those who died in the late 19th Century colonial conflicts, to those who gave their lives in WWII. They introduced water cannons, washing plants, and other mechanized mining methods, and actually moved the town of Mogok into alluvial mining. After Burma Ruby Mines Ltd. departed the region, local mining went back to its former small-scale methods. Almost every person you will see has some gem stones in their pockets. Burma Ruby • Pigeon's Blood • Mogok Stone Tract. The most valued treasures include 3kg golden and 5kg silver pagodas and largy ruby and other gems that decorate the foot of Buddha’s throne. –> after train ride you can either continue to Kyaukme or Hsipaw or return to Mandalay. So valued were Mogok’s rubies that England annexed Upper Burma in 1885 rather than let French firms negotiate mining deals there. This is a large "Classic" Mogok Burma ruby. Like many other traditions preserved in Myanmar, mining in Mogok today involves little to no mechanisation and is based on intensive use of manual labour, concentrated on hillside deposits, through open trenches, deep pits, or through excavating tunnels directly into the limestone. World-wide, genuine Mogok rubies are regarded as the finest in the world, in terms of carat and size, some having fetched over $100,000 overseas. Mogok does not have a gems museum but Buddhist monastery dedicated to Daw Nan Kyi’s comes close. No armed guards of high security anywhere. People are extremely friendly and welcoming to visitors. It is still restricted, but foreign visitors can apply for a special visiting permit from the Mandalay Region government before heading off. The city itself is shielded by the Taung Mae and Kyae Ni mountains and, like many places in the nearby Shan state, is home to a range of different people – mainly Shan and Burmese, but also Palaung, Chin and Kachin. Moving around feels free and tourism to Mogok is encouraged. Other recommended travel routings which you can combine to your longer trips in Myanmar. Mogok and other villages nearby have been famous since ancient times for its gemstones, especially ruby and sapphire, but semi-precious stones such as spinel, lapis lazuli, garnet, moonstone, peridot and chrysoberyl are also found. The Frenchman was speechless and departed. Grading Report. In both Kyaukme and Hsipaw we can arrange treks to Palaung tribe villages, cycling excursions. By 1889, they had formed Burma Ruby Mines Ltd. With tremendous interest in the company stock, the company received a series of leases, and was generally profitable until World War I. It wasn’t so icy during our stay, as the mercury was some 10 degrees above zero – enough to warrant thick coats, gloves and a hat though. At the markets we bought some traditional food, and some very warming Cydonia Cathayensis wine. Myanmar's ruby gems mining - in pictures | Art and design | The … Travelling to Mogok has been very restricted until 2013. Mogok trip, Myanmar. Her husband who was a miner named Nga Mauk found a very big ruby which he broke in to two pieces. Expect to be approached by traders carrying bags of assorted rocks, both real gems and not so genuine ones too. To learn more about the latest Travel Restrictions affecting all travelers entering Myanmar due to the COVID19 Pandemic, click here, #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } Home to the world’s premier ruby mines, it is also one of the richest mineral concentrations on Earth. Description Two carat unheated Classic Burma rubies are difficult to find in today's market. There were numerous operational problems, however, including flooding and theft. The gems are extracted from alluvial marble gravel by panning, tunneling and digging pits by hand. Kyaukme. Buses leave from 6 in the evening, and reach the town at 6 the following morning. During King Pindale’s ruling from 1648 to 1661, a villager called Nga Mauk found a large Although not as productive as large-scale production, they proved to be more cost-effective and sustainable. Some collectors prefer these lighter color/lighter tones stones. Bhamo Mogok, the Valley of Rubies is located in Northern Mandalay. Given the high degree of mining and trading here, the amenities are quite good – but like many parts of Myanmar, don’t expect the hotel rates to be super cheap for foreigners. The hotel is located 3 miles outside of Mogok on lush mountain slope. At altitude of 1170 m Mogok enjoys temperate hill station climate year-round. In recent years Bernard village, so named after the former Chief Commissioner of Upper Burma Edward Bernard, has gained a reputation for its frosty – and even icy – temperatures in the winter. Stones lighter than this are called pink sapphire. All rooms have balconies and valley views. Burmese ruby has a specific gravity of 4.00, a refractive index of 1.76 - 1.78, and birefringence of 0.008. In October 1887, the Upper Burma Ruby Regulations were promulgated, creating the so-called "stone tracts." The company did much to promote Burmese rubies in Europe and around the world. The stone is a perfect 75 tone and never blacks-out and looks vivid red in all lights. Myitkyina The Mogok Motel backs onto the town’s great lake and the infamous Mani Mingalar Gem stone market. 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