Other places you will find them lingering include around rivers, streams, and lakes. Otters are found almost all over the world and in many wet habitats, such freshwater rivers, lakes, oceans, coastlines and marshes. However, populations remain in Wales, south-west England and much of Scotland, where sea loch and coastal colonies comprise one of the largest populations in Europe. Copyright © 2019 Uk Wild Otter Trust | Designed by Kinlake, Otter factfile: What they’re like, threats, and how to find them, What to do if you find a live otter or cub. 2: Prioritise species safety. At our otter habitat, visitors and families can enjoy their playful nature as they swim and engage with each other. The river channel provides suitable habitat for otter to move through the area. A habitat image of Smooth-coated otter Lutrogale pers family pups are playing in morning light on rocks with green background Otters of … The Otter One is the Cutest! UK and Ireland. They are a carnivorous species, the adults of which consume around 1km of food per day, over 80% if which is fish (the type of fish being dependent on availability) although they will also eat amphibians, birds, molluscs, crustaceans and small mammals. Whether it a glimpse of water-webbed whiskers, a lithe body porpoising in play, or the tip of a ruddering tail, the sight of a shy otter is one of the most rewarding wildlife experiences in the UK. Common otters are piscivorous, meaning they eat fish, and carnivorous. Thankfully, following the ban of these chemicals in the early 1990s, water quality increased and the slow-road to recovery began. Fishing - there is a perceived conflict with angling/fishing that can result in the deliberate killing of otters. Populations suffered catastrophic declines in the 1950s and 1960s, a trend that was also seen across continental Europe. The Habitat Range. The otter (Lutra lutra) is found throughout the UK and Ireland and is associated with streams, rivers and coastal areas. To maintain and expand existing otter populations. Sea otters prefer coastal habitats within a mile of the shoreline. Sea otters spend a lot of time floating on the water’s surface; before they sleep, they may anchor themselves by wrapping their bodies in kelp, which is a type of seaweed that grows from the sea floor. Under domestic legislation, otters are covered by the. Drought - either natural or induced by over abstraction. HMSO, London. The intended outcome of management in otter habitat should be to: protect existing holts, resting places and breeding sites, achieve a continuity of suitable habitats, limit levels of disturbance. The otter is one of Britain's largest carnivores and a male otter may weigh over 15kg although females are somewhat lighter. The banks of the river provide suitable resting places for otter. They are also protected under Appendix 1 of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) which is enforced in Britain by the Control of Trade in Endangered Species (Enforcement) Regulations 1997. Otters in the UK and Sussex The European otter (Lutra lutra) is a protected species in the UK following a dramatic crash in their numbers in the 1960s. As otters are highly mobile and wide-ranging, assessment of development impact on otters may need to take account of watercourses beyond immediate development footprint. Removal of vegetation from stream or river banks, the draining of wetlands, the construction of dams and other man-made interventions impact greatly on otter populations. The species was driven to near extinction in some areas between the 1950s and 1970s, but thanks to improvements in water quality and greater protection it can once again be found across Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and – as of 2011 – every county in England. Coastal otter habitat ranges from sheltered wooded inlets to more open, low-lying coasts. In the UK Otters frequent a range of habitat. Why Otter Population in the UK Dropped Known for their playfulness, otters are found all over the world including the UK. occasionally on mammals and birds Otters that live in freshwater habitats are largely nocturnal and occupy very large home ranges (around 32km for males and 20km for females). Species Biodiversity Action Plans (Summaries), Berne Convention (Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats), Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended), Agricultural Research estimates that Otter territories are roughly 10–20 km, depending upon the quality of the habitat and resources. Welcome to the UK Wild Otter Trust! The Eurasian otter: 1. has the widest geographical range of all otter species 2. is the only otter that is native to the UK 3. can be found in both freshwaters and coastal habitats 4. is solitary, elusive and predominantly nocturnal 5. feeds predominantly on fish, but takes a wide diversity of other prey eg crayfish, anurans (frogs and toads), birds, invertebrates and small mammals 6. has litters of 1-3 cubs, born at any time of year. Housing for an Asian small-clawed otter is not for everyone. Eurasian otters are indigenous to the UK and can be found in either fresh or salt water, although it’s usually known as the river otter for the obvious reason. Otters are moving into UK towns and cities as their populations recover. They also inhabit the northern most part of Africa. Therefore, some We run a Young Ambassador Scheme for young otter lovers, supported by Chris Packham, to inspire and support young people to become leaders in the natural world. In some areas of western Europe, including the UK, many otter populations have now recovered well in response to the increasing health of waterways and coastal habitats, but population decreases across the entire range of this iconic mammal mean that … It is believed that water pollution is the most usual cause of UK Otter population declines. The return of the otter to waterways across the country is one of the UK’s top conservation success stories. Origin & Distribution: The otter is a secretive semi-aquatic species which was once widespread in Britain. Damage or destruction of breeding sites or resting places is prohibited, and all life stages are protected against deliberate capture, killing, disturbance or destruction in the wild; and keeping, transport, sale/exchange and offering for sale/exchange of specimens, and scope is provided for the designation of Special Areas of Conservation (SACs). ‘Holts’ are used for shelter and breeding and may take the form of a burrow, natural hole, cave or other structure (including man-made ones). Poor bankside habitat - a lack of the habitat features required for breeding. 6: The Otter Lutra lutra. Do your homework to ensure that you’re fully educated before venturing out to otter spot. Otters prey mainly on fish and have large home ranges, extending over tens of kilometres. They are frequently found in protected harbors, barrier reefs, and kelp forests that offer shelter from wind and waves. We rehabilitate injured and orphaned otter cubs at our centre in Devon, caring for them and continuing their development so they can later be released back into the wild. Habitat: Otters are voracious fish eaters, with fish making up over 80% of their diet, so they have evolved to live in a variety of habitats where fish are plentiful. The pollution of lakes and rivers affects the fish that are their main food source. By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). It hasn't been plain sailing for otters in the UK in the last few decades. Otters do not have a fixed breeding season, but most births occur in winter or spring. We are a Devon-based charity dedicated to protecting and promoting a positive understanding of the European otter and its conservation. The sea otter, however, rarely comes ashore, according to the San Diego Zoo. In freshwater they feed on trout and salmon. Because otters eat mainly fish, you’ll generally find them in areas where there are plenty of this food source. Sofas, Furniture & More. We hold talks, run courses, and offer information and guidance for everyone – from fishery owner to novice otter-spotter – on how to responsibly enjoy and co-exist with the species, and to help educate and engage the public. Farming & Wildlife: A Practical Management Handbook. Andrews, J. and Rebane, M. (1994). Rivers, lochs and costal waters. Sep 18, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Cherry Mischievous. Brighton Store Now Open. There are 13 different otter species worldwide, but the Eurasian otter is the only species to inhabit Europe. They utilise a wide variety of habitats including rivers, streams, ditches, wetlands, reed … 4–7 In the 1950s, persistent organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) became intensively used in agriculture. The Mammal Society. Habitat. Habitat type - otters require a habitat consisting of unpolluted watercourses, bankside trees (with exposed horizontal root systems) and vegetation to provide cover, they also require a plentiful supply of food (such as eels) if the population is to be self-sustaining. A habitat image of Smooth-coated otter Lutrogale pers family pups are playing in morning light on rocks with green background Otters of … Newborns are only about 12cm long but grow quickly and can swim at three months. Otters prey mainly on fish and have large home ranges, extending over tens of kilometres. The national species action plan specifies two objectives: The re-introduction of otters to their past range is a difficult process, although it has been successful in some cases. They enjoy the freshwater but they are also known to live in the saltwater of the oceans as well. Advertisement Our guide explores the history of the European otter in Britain, from the 1950s when the species was on the the brink of extinction to the still-rare yet widespread populations of the present day. Most sea otters remain in habitats with rocky substrate, as their prey tend to be more plentiful in these areas. Common otters are piscivorous, meaning they eat fish, and carnivorous. Despite intense historic persecution, habitat destruction and pollution, otters are now reported to inhabit every county in the UK! Otters are found on every single continent in the world except for Australia and Antarctica. Sea otters are found in two areas: The Pacific coasts of Russia and Alaska, and along the central California coast. UK Steering Group. Free Delivery Over £50 On Selected Orders. (1997). Changes in the way the woodland is used e.g. 3, 18 A eutrophic river, with a high carrying capacity and plentiful food and habitat cover, could support a 17 Breeding can occur at any time of year, but the majority of cubs are born (in litters of between one and four cubs) in the spring or summer when there is a greater chance of survival. (1993). Otter Habitat and Distribution. An otters diet mainly consists of fish, however, it can also include birds, insects, frogs, crustaceans and small mammals. OTTER HABITAT SUITABILITY APPRAISAL Otters are highly territorial animals with large home ranges; depending on the quality of the habitat and availability of food males can range along rivers for 35km. The head and body length is around 60 to 120cm, with a tail length 40 to 45cm, and the average weight is about 10.1kg for the male and 7kg for the female. 25-40. Because otters eat mainly fish, you’ll generally find them in areas where there are plenty of this food source. Developmental pressures - otters often require a large range, something that is not consistent with the pressure for urban expansion (which can result in the fragmentation of habitats). UK wildlife: Otter (lultra lultra) on land carrying fish it has caught out of the sea onto the seaweed shoreline, Isle of Mull, Scotland Otters of chambal river. They enjoy the freshwater but they are also known to live in the saltwater of the oceans as well. coppicing, scarifying, mowing and ground-works within potential otter habitat have a high risk of causing damage, disturbance or harm. Decline and recovery. Other places you will find them lingering include around rivers, streams, and lakes. Those living on the coast are susceptible to oil spills. If successful, the adaptation model for these two projects will be rolled out to other locations in the UK and France. Most otters live in dens — built by other animals, such as beavers — that are dug into the ground that have many channels and dry inner chambers. The river is also likely to provide suitable foraging opportunities to otter given its ability to support fish and invertebrate species. Otters are now very common along the coast of Norway and in Northern Britain, especially Shetland where 12% of the UK breeding population exist. Flowerdew, J.R. (1997). Even when carrying out work to improve the riparian and wetland vegetation and habitat (e.g. Reports now state that otters inhabit every county in the UK – great news for the otter! They are perfectly adapted to a semi-aquatic life. Small populations are particularly vulnerable to isolated pollution events. They have short legs with a long tail and body, which leans forward when walking. Otter (Lutra lutra) or European Otter. There is also a sizeable population in Northern Ireland. The otter (Lutra lutra) is found throughout the UK and Ireland and is associated with streams, rivers and coastal areas. Cubs are usually born in a holt in a bank, or between rocks or tree roots. The species was driven to near extinction in some areas between the 1950s and 1970s, but thanks to improvements in water quality and greater protection it can once again be found across Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and – as of 2011 – every county in England. Otters came close to extinction in the UK and much of Europe. We want everyone to be able to engage with and appreciate these beautiful animals, and we work hard to raise awareness, educate, and share information in as many ways as possible! Breeding habitat – In order to successfully rear young, a female otter needs a sheltered location, often with a pool where she can teach her young to swim and catch food. Otters occupy large home ranges – up to 40km along a river for a male otter but less than half that for a female. Mating occurs at any time of the year and females give birth to 2 – 3 cubs, usually between May and August. Good, interconnected habitat – Otters can use up to 40km of river as their territory. This includes; crabs, frogs, voles and even large water birds. Checklist of Protected British Species. Building a holt on the fringes of a suitable water body or water course is a simple way of supporting otter population growth. Their webbed feet and long, muscular tail enable them to swim comfortably at about one metre […] This is the smallest otter species being only about 11 lbs. The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), also known as the European otter, Eurasian river otter, common otter, and Old World otter, is a semiaquatic mammal native to Eurasia.The most widely distributed member of the otter subfamily (Lutrinae) of the weasel family (Mustelidae), it is found in the waterways and coasts of Europe, many parts of Asia, and parts of northern Africa. They are frequently found in protected harbors, barrier reefs, and kelp forests that offer shelter from wind and waves. Cubs take their first swim at about three months old, but don't become independent until about one year old; consequently females are restricted to breeding every one or two years. Incidental mortality - mainly in the form of road deaths and drowning in eel traps. The otter is also listed under two schedules of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 Schedules 5 & 6. Betts, C.J. By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). Otter (Lutra lutra) or European Otter. Within the UK They are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981. The oldest recorded otter reached around 12 years of age, but this is exceptional. your own Pins on Pinterest mitigation for a safer otter habitat June 2007 Conference: IUCN OSG Workshop Dutch Otter Re-introduction Project in the Netherlands, Steenwijk, 10-12 april 2007 is the only otter that is native to the UK; can be found in both freshwaters and coastal habitats; is solitary, elusive and predominantly nocturnal ; feeds predominantly on fish, but takes a wide diversity of other prey eg crayfish, anurans (frogs and toads), birds, invertebrates and small mammals; has litters of 1-3 cubs, born at any time of year. They also eat crustaceans, frogs and even small water birds. By 2010, to restore breeding otters to all catchments and coastal areas where they have been recorded since 1960. Otters are restless, playful and secretive mammals that spend most of their time along riverbanks. pollarding old willows or coppicing alders) there may be a risk to otters. ), pp. Sep 18, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Joanne Spink. Discover (and save!) (1995). In: Biodiversity and Conservation in Agriculture: Proceedings of a Symposium held at The Stakis Brighton Metropole Hotel 17 November 1997, (Ed. Look out for snipe, redshank and lapwing, plus bittern and the occassional rarity. British Crop Protection Council, Farnham, UK. The return of otters to the UK. Discover (and save!) We are a Devon-based charity dedicated to protecting and promoting a positive understanding of the European otter and its conservation. Kill or injure an otter. Most sea otters remain in habitats with rocky substrate, as their prey tend to be more plentiful in these areas. Rivers, lochs and costal waters. Scotland is home to 90% of UK otters. Diet. Discover facts about Eurasian otters and their presence in urban areas including Sheffield, Birmingham and London. river otter habitat within the LWR study area (Schieler 1995). Common name: European otterScientific name: Lutra lutra. The aquatic habitat of otters is very vulnerable in the face of change. Captive breeding programmes have been set-up by the Otter Trust and various other sanctuaries and parks, and can be used to supply stock, but because of the protected nature of the species and the difficulties involved, no re-introduction programme should be established without the involvement of a suitable body (English Nature, Countryside Council for Wales or Scottish Natural Heritage ). Looking for interiors ideas? Habitat. They also eat crustaceans, frogs and even small water birds. National Rivers Authority. This is intended to protect species considered to be in danger of extinction, and (in the main) prohibits trade in them (together with any recognisable part or derivative). Within the UK They are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981. The otter is a secretive semi-aquatic species which was once widespread in Britain. The Mammal Society, London. Inland populations utilise a range of running and standing freshwaters. Scotland is home to 90% of UK otters. Otters commonly deposit faeces (known as spraints) in prominent positions within their territory in order to mark the extent of their range, and help heighbouring animals keep in contact with each other. Disturbance - by recreational users of the countryside. Would the proposed operations or activities have an impact on otters if : present? your own Pins on Pinterest When to see. Christopher Betts Environmental Biology, Worcester, UK. However, the survey was so labor intensive and logistically difficult we concluded the approach was not useful to characterize habitats at population or landscape Job 1 . Doxey Marshes - Although well known as a great bird watching location, Doxey Marshes is also home to regionally significant populations of otter, which are regularly recorded on the reserve, as well as harvest mouse and water shrew. Fact Sheet No. Document Library. They live in burrow in most waterways and coastal waters. They have stocky legs, a long, streamlined body, and a broad muzzle with prominent, sensitive whiskers. Biodiversity: The UK Steering Group Report, Volume 2: Action Plans. Otter Habitat and Distribution Otters are found on every single continent in the world except for Australia and Antarctica. A typical range will encompass a river, side streams and ponds together with the adjacent woods and wetlands. But you can bank on the fact that there is an otter somewhere in a river near … Pollution of watercourses - particularly in the form of organochlorine pesticides (especially PCBs), that bio-accumulate in the fish eaten by otters; and more recently the synthetic pyrethoids present in sheep dips. www.lrcwales.org.uk Natural History Societies and local Mammal Groups - contact details from: www.mammal.org.uk . (1998). January to December. Otter Survey Techniques. T he second episode in our Wild Britain series focuses on otters. National Rivers Authority, Bristol. Conservation Technical Handbook 3: Otters and Habitat Management. The otter is short-listed on the UK Steering Group Report, Volume 1 (1995) and as such the report contains a costed – but our river systems still require extensive habitat management to restore them to a healthy level that can sustain fish stocks and wildlife. However, the survey was so labor intensive and logistically difficult we concluded the approach was not useful to UK wildlife: Otter (lultra lultra) on land carrying fish it has caught out of the sea onto the seaweed shoreline, Isle of Mull, Scotland Otters of chambal river. Mammal Biodiversity in Agricultural Habitats. Prior to the 1950s, these fish-devouring mammals were abundant in England. Hunting and trapping of mink - may inadvertently kill otters instead. 3. Shop Lights & Accessories. Asta, Oscar, Tritan and Ray can be seen in the habitat daily from 9 a.m. to 3:45 p.m. This means they need to move frequently within and between patches of good habitat to feed, breed and rest. The cause was the combined effects of water pollution, habitat destruction and persecution, including hunting. Habitat of the Sea Otter. Never put a photograph, film clip, or personal experience before the welfare of the otter. 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